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What is the difference between summarizing and paraphrasing

We frequently get confused by the terms summary and paraphrase, as they refer to the same thing. The summary and the paraphrase are two important writing tools that allow us to incorporate the ideas and work of other authors into our own work. Although we should always write our own ideas, there are times when we need the work of another author to back up our arguments or to illustrate a different point of view. In these circumstances, summaries and paraphrases come in handy.

Paraphrasing Vs Summarizing

The difference between paraphrasing and summarising is that paraphrasing entails writing any content in your own words and is similar in size to the original text, whereas summarising entails mentioning only the most important points of any work in your own words and is much shorter than the original.


You are presenting someone else’s ideas in your own words when you paraphrase their writing. Recognizing whose ideas you’re presenting and where they came from is an important part of paraphrasing. It’s impossible for a paraphrased passage to be too similar to the source material. You can’t just change a couple of words and claim to be paraphrasing. Ideally, you should present these ideas in language that is natural and easy to understand for both you and your audience.


A summary is a simplified form of a writing that only includes the most important points. You should indeed use your own words in a summary, however a brief quotation can be used occasionally.

A summary’s main goal is to condense a large text into a manageable size. As a result, a summary is much smaller than the input text. It should clearly and concisely present the central ideas and concepts of the original text. It really is feasible, however, to overlook certain factual information that is unrelated to your text as long as the original text’s meaning is not disrupted.

When is it appropriate to paraphrase?

You demonstrate to the reader that you understand the key concepts when you successfully paraphrase someone else’s ideas. Because you want to demonstrate that you’re competent in something other than copying and pasting, you should paraphrase. Only those who truly comprehend concepts are capable of successfully paraphrasing them. To put it another way, paraphrasing demonstrates your confidence in the thoughts you’re trying to discuss.

Finally, paraphrasing is a good choice when you need to condense a longer passage into a shorter one. When you come across an idea that would seem ancient or difficult to access to a young mind, you can choose to paraphrase it. You can make these ideas meaningful again by simply placing them in your own words.

When should you make a summary?

When you need a little more versatility, summaries come in handy. You can summarise a concept in a few sentences or spend an entire paragraph doing so. Other summaries are written in the form of complete essays.

Summaries also allow you to quickly get to the heart of what the author was attempting to say. When you summarise a piece of writing, you can cut out all of the extraneous details that aren’t really necessary or relevant. Finally, summaries have always been about compacting information so you can correspond to key points inside the original passage.

What are the steps in the summarization process?

  • Carefully read and comprehend the text.
  • Consider the text’s intended audience. Inquire about the author’s motivation for writing the text.
  • Choose the information that is relevant.
  • Find the main points – what matters.
  • The text’s structure should be changed.
  • Rephrase the main points in full sentences.
  • Please double-check your work.

What are the paraphrasing rules?

Suggestions for paraphrasing

  • Your first sentence should begin at a different point than the original source.
  • Synonyms should be used (words that mean the same thing)
  • Change the structure of the sentences (e.g. from active to passive voice)
  • Separate the information into sentences.

When is it appropriate to use summaries?

You can use a summary to provide context, set the tone, or illustrate supporting evidence, but keep it short: a few sentences should suffice. The majority of your paper should be devoted to your argument.

Final Thoughts:

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